Chilli Cultivation

Chilli Cultivation

Chilli (Capsicum annuum L.)

 

Chilli Cultivation
Chilli Cultivation

 

Season of sowing

  1. January – February
  2. June – July
  3. September – October

 

Seed rate

Hybrids : 200 – 250 g / ha.

Nursery area : 100 sq. m / ha.

 

Spacing

Hybrids : 75 X 60 cm

 

Weed control

Apply Pendimethalin 1.0 kg a.i. / ha or Fluchloralin 1.0 kg a.i. / ha as pre emergence herbicide followed by hand weeding once 30 days after planting.

 

Irrigation

Irrigate is done at weekly intervals.

 

Manuring Hybrid Varieties

Basal Dose : FYM 25 t/ha, NPK 120:80:80 kg/ha.

Potassium as K2SO4 for quality improvement. Application of potassium in the form of potassium sulphate will increase quality of chilli.

Top dressing : 30 kg N/ha in equal splits on 30, 60 and 90 days after planting.

 

Fertigation schedule

CHILLI F1 HYBRID

Recommended Dose : 120:80:80 kg/ha

 

Drip Fertigation :

  1. 19:19:19 = 42 kg/ha
  2. 13:00:45 = 160 kg/ha
  3. 12:61:00 = 20 kg/ha
  4. Urea = 193 kg/ha

 

Growth Promoters :

Spray Racer 2-3 ml/Ltr. on 20, 40, 60 and 80th day of planting. Spray Florigen 1 ml/Ltr. on 60 and 90 days after planting to increase fruit set.

 

 

Micronutrient Spray :

Foliar spray Vigour 1 g/Ltr. thrice at 10 days interval from 40 days after planting.

Spray 19:19:19 (REGAIN) at 60 days after planting.

 

Plant Protection

Pests

Fruit Borer

 

Spray any one of the following insecticides

 

Insecticide Dose
Emamectin benzoate 5 % SG 4 g/ 10 Ltr.
Fipronil 5 % SC 2.0 ml / Ltr.
Flubendiamide 20 WDG 6.0 g/10 Ltr.

 

Thrips, Aphids, Jassids

Spray Neem Plus (Azadirachtin) 60 ml + Imidacloprid 17.8% SL ( 10 ml / 15 Ltr. of water)

 

Diseases

Damping off

Treat the seeds with Trichoderma viride 4 g/kg .

 

Leaf spot / Die-back / Fruit rot

Leaf spot can be controlled by spraying Mancozeb 2 g/Ltr. or Copper Oxychloride 2.5 g/Ltr.